Lord Shiva gives this mantra to Parvati after his teachings of Yoga. He tells his loving wife and student that by reciting the mantra she will find true liberation and understand that she and he are one.
Tantra Yoga is probably the most misunderstood form of yoga in the yogic system. Most westerners, removed from the roots of Tantra (India), think of Tantra as what Georg Feuerstein calls “Neo-Tantra,” a misguided mixture of western interpretation of ritual and mysticism. Tantra is a late system of Yoga appearance around 500 CE. It was the first of the “New Age” movements of the ancient Yogic traditions. Tantra was a system that was created during the Kali Yuga, a time of spiritual darkness (this is the time we live in now). Tantra system founders believed that during the Kali Yuga, the older Vedic rituals had lost their potency. This movement set out to completely change and shake up the establishment.
Tantra Yoga was the first Yoga system to focus on the human body — with great intensity — as the vehicle for liberation while living in the body. The traditions of Hatha Yoga are Tantra in their full scope. Hatha Yoga Pradipika is a Tantrik text. The Tantra system explores the human body and its connection to the natural world as a profound way of connecting to God. Tantra points out that if all that is around us is part of Param Brahma (Ultimate Reality), then how can the human body, which hosts the Atman (soul) be anything but Param Brahma also. The older Vedic system felt that the human body was weak and trapped the seeker in Maya (illusion). In Tantra, the body was to be kept in peak condition, so that it could be of full service to God and Guru. This newfound system pointed out that liberation could be found within the human body, both within pain and suffering, or pleasure and bliss, and that both experiences were only a flip side of the same coin: Purusha (unchanging Universal Principle) and Prakriti (material reality). Enlightenment only came through the understanding of both extremes and understanding that cosmic consciousness is within the DNA of the body. Tantra expressed that the human body and the natural world were the laboratories to understand divinity – and to understand that the body could not be overlooked as the tool to obtain Moksha (liberation).
Tantra Yoga always insisted that a seeker needs a living Guru. Through the teaching and guidance of that Guru the seeker would learn that all teaching came from within. Students only had to understand that God, Guru, and student are one, just as Lord Shiva and Parvati are one. The Brahmanandam Parama clearly states that the Ultimate Reality in the universe, or as Paul Jakob Deussen put it, “the creative principle which lies realized in the whole world” is within. This is non-dualism at its most extreme.
Earlier systems focused more on meditation and pranayama as the mode to self-realization. Few asanas were given. Tantra used all tools to get Kundalini Shakti to awaken, move upward, opening the chakras until it reached the Sahasrara Chakra the seat of the inner Guru (Param Shiva), creating a union between Shiva and his Shakti. This became a science in moving energy through the subtle body. All tools were used: Asana, mantra, meditation, bhakti, pranayama, ritual, and personal conduct, working together in the divine laboratory, the human body, to obtain union. This is Yoga as many of us still practice today, an integrated system rooted in the Tantrik traditions.
Once this awaking happens, the yogi finds true bliss, within the natural world. In a system that does not require the demise of the body-mind experience, but one in which object and subject are completely realized and celebrated. This liberation from human bondage, while still alive, is the Jivanmukta.